American History / The American Civil War

The American Civil War

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Autor:  reviewessays  19 February 2011
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The American Civil War

Introduction

The beginning of the Civil War cannot be linked to only one reason; some causes were centuries in the making, while others were relatively new happenings, but put together, they all changed a country before considered \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"one component\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" and divided it into two opposing parties. The Southern states wanted to become an independent

nation, divided from the North altogether since there were deep economic, social and political differences between both regions. The North favoured a loose interpretation of the US constitution and they wanted to grant the federal government increased powers. While the South wanted to reserve all undefined powers to individual states.

The Civil War eventually began in 1861 and carried on through 1865 and was the only war fought on American soil by Americans themselves. The casualty count is believed to have amounted to 600,000, where the total number of forces is believed to have been around 3 million. The forces came from 23 Northern states of the Union and the Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 states that declared their secession from the Union

The Division of the Country and Origins of the Conflict

Most (if not all Americans) supported the ideology of \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"Manifest Destiny\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" by which American citizens considered the whole of the Northern Hemisphere the divine right of the US. This aggressive foreign policy fed the ravenous appetite of a country with an expanding economy and population where both free and slave states adopted a \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\"winner takes all\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\" policy while expanding their territory. In the year 1800, the whole area considered to be the United States was less than 1,000,000 mi2 but it doubled with the Louisiana State Purchase (1803). The area almost doubled again between the years 1846 and 1848 after the war with Mexico.

The war with Mexico was a clear

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