Araby And James JoyceThis print version free essay Araby And James Joyce.
Autor: reviewessays 14 July 2011
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The short story Ð²Ð‚ÑšArabyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ is clearly identifiable as the work of James Joyce. His vocalized ambition of acquainting fellow Irish natives with the true temperament of his homeland is apparent throughout the story. JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s painstakingly precise writing style can be observed throughout Ð²Ð‚ÑšArabyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ as well. Roman Catholicism, which played a heavy role in JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s life, also does so in the story which is another aspect which makes JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s authorship of the story unmistakable. As a result of Irish heritage displayed in Ð²Ð‚ÑšArabyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ along with evidence of JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s unmistakable writing style throughout and the role of Catholicism in the story, Ð²Ð‚ÑšArabyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ is instantly recognizable as the work of James Joyce.
In his writing of Dubliners as a whole James Joyce hoped to familiarize fellow Irish natives with IrelandÐ²Ð‚â„¢s true nature. In his article Ð²Ð‚ÑšJames JoyceÐ²Ð‚Ñœ Paul Gray quotes Joyce as having said, Ð²Ð‚ÑšOne of the things I could never get used to in my youth was the difference I found between life and literature,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ so one of his ambitions was to erase this contrast (Gray 1). One of JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s attempts at fulfilling this goal can be observed at the melancholy ending of Ð²Ð‚ÑšArabyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ where after his fruitlessly covetous quest for Ð²Ð‚?ManganÐ²Ð‚â„¢s sisterÐ²Ð‚â„¢ the narrator laments, Ð²Ð‚ÑšGazing up into the darkness I saw myself as a creature driven and derided by vanity,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ (Joyce 886). In a similar context as that of GrayÐ²Ð‚â„¢s article Joyce is quoted in a book, James Joyce Remembered, by C.P. Curran who was an acquaintance of JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s, specifically about the purpose of his collection of stories Dubliners, of which Ð²Ð‚ÑšArabyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ is a part, as saying, Ð²Ð‚ÑšI call the series Dubliners to betray the soul of that hemiplegia or paralysis which many consider a city,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ (9). In John DiconsiglioÐ²Ð‚â„¢s article Ð²Ð‚ÑšCall it James JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s RevengeÐ²Ð‚Ñœ Joyce is quoted on the purpose of Dubliners yet again in the third paragraph which states, Ð²Ð‚ÑšJoyce wrote that it was written so that the Irish could have Ð²Ð‚?one good look at themselves in my nicely polished looking glass,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ (3). Since he was repetitively quoted concerning such, Joyce made the goal of his story Ð²Ð‚ÑšArabyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ known as propagating his perspective of the true nature of Ireland.
Several aspects of JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s meticulous writing style can be observed in his story Ð²Ð‚ÑšAraby.Ð²Ð‚Ñœ In his book Exploring James Joyce Joseph Prescott draws attention to, Ð²Ð‚ÑšJoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s use of words in such a sense or context as to throw upon them a stronger light than they ordinarily enjoy,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ (8). Evidence of this supposition lies at the end of the fifth paragraph of Ð²Ð‚ÑšArabyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ in the form of the metaphor, Ð²Ð‚ÑšBut my body was like a harp and her words and gestures were like fingers running upon the wires,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ (Joyce 884). In consideration of such peculiarity the following relation from Robert KaplanÐ²Ð‚â„¢s article Ð²Ð‚ÑšMadness and James JoyceÐ²Ð‚Ñœ is more understandable, Ð²Ð‚ÑšThere is a telling anecdote from Frank Budgen, his friend and biographer. Joyce said he had been working hard all day Ð²Ð‚â€œ writing two sentences. Ð²Ð‚?You were seeking the right words?Ð²Ð‚â„¢ asked Budgen. Ð²Ð‚?No,Ð²Ð‚â„¢ replied Joyce, Ð²Ð‚?I have the words already. What I am seeking is the perfect order in the sentence,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ (37). In addition to JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s precision with his placement of words, his connotation often seems either supplemental or ironic. As Peter de Voogd mentions in his article Ð²Ð‚ÑšImagine, Eveline, Visualised Focalisations in James JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s DublinersÐ²Ð‚Ñœ Ð²Ð‚ÑšImaging the text of Dubliners also includes the way in which the shape of a thing or name mentioned may add to or contradict its meaning,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ (9). An example of this lies in the ninth paragraph of Ð²Ð‚ÑšArabyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ where the following statement can be found, Ð²Ð‚ÑšI had hardly any patience with the serious work of life which, now that it stood between me and my desire, seemed to me childÐ²Ð‚â„¢s play, ugly, monotonous childÐ²Ð‚â„¢s play,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ (Joyce 884). These examples show how Ð²Ð‚ÑšArabyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ contains JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s specifically meticulous writing style.
Another aspect of the style in which James Joyce writes which can be observed in Ð²Ð‚ÑšArabyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ through the role of Catholicism in such is his tendency to write from his own life experiences. As Brian Phillips writes in his article Ð²Ð‚ÑšJoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s VisionsÐ²Ð‚Ñœ Ð²Ð‚ÑšJoyce was a relentlessly autobiographical writer,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ (5). Ruth von Phul comments similarly in A James Joyce Miscellany, Ð²Ð‚ÑšIt is hardly possible to overestimate the autobiographical element in JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s work,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ (Magalaner 119). In his article Ð²Ð‚ÑšJames JoyceÐ²Ð‚Ñœ Paul Gray relates not only how JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s entire education came from the Jesuits, who form a sect of Catholicism, but also how piously devoted his mother was to the Roman Catholic faith (2). With regard to the self assessment of the narrator of Ð²Ð‚ÑšAraby,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ Ð²Ð‚ÑšI saw myself as a creature driven and derided by vanity,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ A.R. Coulthard determines in his article Ð²Ð‚ÑšJoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s Araby,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ Ð²Ð‚ÑšAnguish and anger are merely emotional reactions but the admission of vanity, which reflects the oppressive Catholicism in the story, is a severe moral judgment,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ (3). This is an identifying mark of the story because, as John Diconsiglio relates in his article Ð²Ð‚ÑšCall it James JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s Revenge,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ Ð²Ð‚ÑšAs an adult and artist, Joyce rebelled against his family, his country, and his religion,Ð²Ð‚Ñœ (6). JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s revolt against Catholicism can also be observed in the short story Ð²Ð‚ÑšAraby.Ð²Ð‚Ñœ
Several aspects of the short story Ð²Ð‚ÑšArabyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ unquestionably leave James Joyce as the author. For example, his articulated ambition of familiarizing fellow natives of Ireland with the true nature of his homeland can be observed in the story. The exactitude of JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s writing style is also apparent throughout the story. In addition, the role of Catholicism in the story is a significant marker of JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s authorship because of the role it played in his life. James JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s authorship of the short story Ð²Ð‚ÑšArabyÐ²Ð‚Ñœ is obvious as a result of the Irish heritage displayed in the story, evidence of JoyceÐ²Ð‚â„¢s writing style, and the role of Catholicism in the story.
>Coulthard, A.R. "Joyce's Araby." Explicator. Winter 1994. MLA bibliography database. Galileo. 25 March 2008.
>Curran, C.P. James Joyce Remembered. New York, Oxford University Press, 1968. MLA bibliography database. Galileo. 24 March 2008.
>Diconsiglio, John. "Call it James Joyce's Revenge." Literary Cavalcade. March 2000. MLA bibligraphy database. Galileo. 27 March 2008.
>Gray, Paul. "James Joyce." Time Canada. June 1998. MLA bibliography database. Galileo. 27 March 2008.
>Joyce, James. Ð²Ð‚ÑšAraby.Ð²Ð‚Ñœ Ed. Sylvan Barnet, William Burto, William E. Cain. Pearson/Longman, 2007. 882-886
>Kaplan, Robert. "Madness and James Joyce." Australasian Psychiatry. June 2002. MLA bibliography database. Galileo. 25 March 2008.
>Magalaner, Marvin. A James Joyce Miscellany, second series. Carbondale, Southern Illinois University, 1959. MLA bibliography database. Galileo. 24 March 2008.
>O'Brien, George. "James Joyce." Critical Survey of Short Fiction. Salem Press, Inc. 2001. MLA bibliography database. Galileo. 27 March 2008.
>Phillips, Brian. "Joyce's Visions." Hudson Review. Summer 2004. MLA bibliography database. Galileo. 25 March 2008.
>Prescott, Joseph. Exploring James Joyce. Carbondale, Southern Illinois University Press, 1964. MLA bibliography database. Galileo. 24 March 2008.
>de Voogd, Peter. "Imagine, Eveline, Visualised Focalisations in James Joyce's Dubliners." European Journal of English Studies. April 2000. MLA bibliography database. Galileo. 25 March 2008.