Assertive Policing, Plummeting Crime:This print version free essay Assertive Policing, Plummeting Crime:.
Autor: reviewessays 29 December 2010
Words: 578 | Pages: 3
The business strategy of the NYPD was to reduce crime in New York City by innovating a new system for measuring performance and craft a new model for policing. Based on the â€œcultural diagnosticâ€ survey conducted in 1994, the perception of officers was that the NYPD strategy was very bottom line and financially focused. Patrol officerâ€™s goals however, were to â€œreduce crime, disorder and fear,â€ which was in perfect alignment to Brattonâ€™s goal. The NYPD Police department had the same aim, but Bratton had to convince the entire department that he had the same overall ambitions as them.
Brattonâ€™s goal was to reduce crime by 40% in three years by focusing on quality of life crimes. He wanted to be able to manage crime, rather than just respond to it. The four elements of Brattonâ€™s strategy was accurate and timely intelligence, rapid deployment, effective tactics, and relentless follow-up and assessment. Bratton achieved his objectives by focusing officer morale, neighborhood involvement, accountability, and treating every quality-of-life arrest as an opportunity to make a bigger arrest.
The main tool that Bratton used was a system called Compstat, which tracked crimes by neighborhood and highlighted areas of focus. Before Braton became the NYPD commissioner crime statistics were only compiled on a quarterly basis, which had little use for reducing crime. Bratton insisted that crime figures would be compiled weekly and pin-maps would be kept up to date.
The biggest reason for the success of Compstat was that it evolved from something somewhat primitive to very extensive. The system began with pin-up maps being brought to meetings on acetate overlays to an upgrade of computerized maps that were projected on three eight-by-eight foot computer monitors.
It was important that Bratton did not being the system too abruptly because the commanders needed to buy into the system before they devoted too much time into it. The effectiveness of the information that Bratton insisted from his commanderâ€™s was also a key element in the success of the Compstat system. Bratton only asked for information that would be useful in ensuing and evaluating tactics. He kept the data collecting to a minimum initially and then expanded his expectations as the officers began to buy into the system.
When Bratton first asked for up-to-date pin-ups, the commanders thought he was excessive. If Bratton had originally asked for â€œcomplaint, arrest, and summons activity, as well as written accounts of significant cases, crime patterns and police activities,â€ as well as the exact time and locations where crimes and enforcement activities took place, the commanders would have been so opposed due to time constraints that the system might not have worked. As a result of the gradual improvement of the system, Compstat gained momentum and mini-Compstats were even conducted in other parts of the department.
In hindsight, the management approaches in the first year were sustainable for the long-term considering crime steadily decreased 25% between 1993 and 1996. Even though crime was not reduce 40% until 1999, it steadily decreased between six and ten percent between 1993 and 1999. The consistent reduction in NYC crime show the success of Bratonâ€™s project.
The information process could be improved by creating tests that would determine the accuracy of the system. Bratonâ€™s focus on numbers could very easily encourage commanderâ€™s to tweak the submitted statistics. Perhaps patrol officers could plug in their data directly from their patrol cars and receive instant, up to the minute data on their precinct.