Leadership Analysis Of Russian President Vladimir PutinThis print version free essay Leadership Analysis Of Russian President Vladimir Putin.
Autor: reviewessays 25 December 2010
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Leadership Analysis on example of
Russian President Vladimir Putin
Before I begin Leadership Analysis I would like to define what Leadership means to me. Leadership is the process of influencing others towards the attainment of certain pre-defined goals. Leadership style refers to the methodology adopted by the leader to carry out the roles and responsibilities of the leadership process1.
After studying the biography of many of historical and contemporary leaders it can be concluded that up to some extent leadership qualities are inherent but good leaders are created or made, they are not born. Because these inherent qualities need to be polished and molded through experiences and are within an individual giving him some authority. If you have the desire and willpower, you can become an effective leader. Good leaders develop through a never ending process of self-study, education, training, and experience.
Of all the worldâ€™s many leaders, I can honestly say that the one Iâ€™ve learn the most from is Russian President Vladimir Putin. In my opinion he is strong, grate leader. Not that many civilian people new about his activities and presents before. But short after he took Prime Minister Chair and then became a President of Russian Federation, he gained authority and support from most Russian nation with extremely high speed. I would like to summarize some of the key events from his life experience so we could see which techniques and strategies he used during his race, so we could see development of his leadership capabilities.
Putin's crafted image of civility and Europeanism is accented by his strong attachment to St. Petersburg, the place he was born and spent most of his career. The city was meant to be a window on Europe and a door for it; and Putin is said, now, to represent it.
Growing up in Leningrad, Putin lived with his parents in a communal apartment with two other families. Though religion was not permitted in the Soviet Union, his mother secretly had him baptized as an Orthodox Christian.
As a boy, Putin dreamed of joining the secret police (KGB). When he was seventeen he went to KGB headquarters and asked a startled officer what he should do to "join up." He was told to attend the university and major in law. Putin took his advice and attended Leningrad State University2. After earning a law degree in 1975 Putin landed a job with the KGB, the only one in his class of 100 to be chosen.
Putin's period in the K.G.B. in St. Petersburg and in East Germany has been trawled over, but little has emerged beyond the enormous paradox that this self-confident, articulate and delicate performer was regarded - when he was noticed at all - as gray, silent, nondescript. He was posted to Dresden in 1985, where his cover was to run the Soviet-German House of Friendship in Leipzig. In 1990, when East Germany did indeed collapse, Putin returned to Leningrad and took a job in the international affairs department at his alma mater, screening foreign students. However, that was a cover for his continuing intelligence work. Soon after, one of his former university professors, Anatoly Sobchak, asked him to join his administration. Sobchak at that time was former St. Petersburg mayor who gave him his start in politics. If the Soviet Union could produce, in its dying days, an upper-class radical, Sobchak was it. Many analysts emphasize Putinâ€™s intelligence training and his Soviet-era background. Besides, Putin is as much a product of the Russian environment and heritage as Yeltsin (first Russian President) was. In fact, Putin's Russianness, in the broadest sense, is the key to his character; in certain respects his rule is re-enacting distinctive Russian political traditions.
In 1996, when Sobchak lost his mayoral campaign, Putin was offered a job with the victor, but declined out of loyalty. The next year, he was asked to join President Boris Yeltin's "inner circle" as deputy chief administrator of the Kremlin. He left the Kremlin in 1998 to become head of the Federal Security Service (FSB), the domestic intelligence arm and successor to the KGB, which had been dismantled. In March of 1999, he was named secretary of the Security Council, a body that advises the president on matters pertaining to foreign policy, national security, and military and law enforcement. In August of 1999, after Yeltsin had gone through five prime ministers in 17 months, he appointed Putin, who was originally dismissed by many observers as not a viable heir apparent to the ill president. For one thing, he had little political experience; for another, his appearance and personality seemed bland. However, Putin increased his appeal among citizens for his role in vehemently pursuing the war in Chechnya. On New Year's Eve in 1999, Yeltsin unexpectedly stepped down as president, naming Putin as acting president. He was officially elected to the office in 2000 and then re-elected in a landslide vote in March of 2004.
Putin is a difficult character to study. An ex-KGB colonel, he is at times deliberately indistinct. And his secretive and tight-knit court tends to operate according to the Old Russian village principle of "Do not carry rubbish out of the hut." But anyway during my search I found some useful information that would help me to analyze Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin as a leader. Firs of all I want to point out that his leadership capability began to appear in his childhood. Vladimir Putin mentions being beaten by stronger children in his rough-and-tumble neighborhood in Leningrad. ``I learned that I must be able to respond immediately to any offense,'' Putin said, recalling a fight he picked and lost before entering first grade. ``I understood that in order to win I have to go to the end in any fight, as if in the last, decisive combat.''2 It's not clear whether he was generally the instigator of the combat or responding to taunts and insults he felt should not go unchallenged. In any case, he resolved to fortify himself. After getting his nose broken, he took up sambo, a Soviet combination of judo and wrestling, and finally settled on judo4. He devoted himself to rigorous workouts and became a black belt and a city-wide champion. Putin's judo training taught him to control his emotions, but when he is angry his outbursts can be not only crude but breathtakingly acerbic. Putin's instinct to make himself whole is mirrored in his imperative to keep Russia from breaking upâ€”but any Russian leader would feel a similar sense of duty. As we can see, these skills that he learned in young age helped him in his adult life to manage himself, be more organized and strategic perspective.
The skill of strategic perspective with problem solving shows at the day when he became the most powerful person in the country. Not content to stand pat a day after assuming power in Russia, the acting president, Vladimir Putin, reminded voters why they like him so much, by paying a surprise visit to troops fighting the war in Chechnya. The war is the main reason for a surge in his popularity, and for the success of pro-government parties in recent parliamentary elections. Mr. Putin's invocation of patriotism today fits the picture of a leader who has been presented by pro-Kremlin media as a tough defender of national interests.
The former KGB agent said one had to be 'tough and consistent' in their actions. Without being tough it is impossible to be a head of state. "It is important to take responsibility, and not hide behind your government, your law enforcement agencies, or your armed forces. That is what is important." When shown a picture which appeared to show him being angry, Putin said, â€œI don't remember one time in my years as President of the Russian Federation that I lost my temper. I think that this [losing temper] is absolutely unacceptable.â€ 6 â€œIt is also very important to find the right people for the job. This is definitely the most difficult task for leaders. Being tough is not the most difficult task for a person who has the position I do. It is probably more difficult to be patient and forgiving. In the position that I have, it is easier to be tough or harsh," he said.5 A leader is one who has capabilities enough to select the right person for the right job. He should be able to differentiate between the groups of candidates for the tasks in hand. A leader can only get the support he deserves from his group when he makes the right decisions based on all the facts.
In answer to a reporterâ€™s question about his behavior in critical situations Putin said that he is calm, â€œeven extremely calmâ€. He went on: â€œLater when I studied in intelligence school one of my evaluation forms read that I had a reduced sense of danger, which was considered a negative qualityâ€.2 Danger alerts arouse not fear, but an interest in him, a desire to test himself.
In summarizing all those comments by Vladimir Putin, I came up with common sight that he has very strong skills of: emotional intelligence (such as self awareness and self management); strategy thinking, problem solving etc.
There are at least 8 qualities that successful leaders have. 9
1. Responsibility: The best leaders take responsibility for making things happen.
2. Integrity: Your success depends on others following. People will only follow if they believe they can rely on you to demonstrate high standards, be open, honest and truthful with them. They also expect consistency. When you are consistent (no matter what your leadership style is) people know what to expect.
3. Decision takers: What sets successful leaders apart is their willingness to face fears and take decisions rather than procrastinate. They know that they will get their fair share of decisions wrong and will learn from them.
4. Deal with facts: Realism is essential if you are to be a successful leader. Realism is about facing up to whatever is going on, rather than expending energy wishing it was different.
5. Vision and inspiration: The most successful leaders have the ability not just to create a vision but to communicate it in an inspiring way. They see the big picture and inspire others to work together to make it happen.
6. Optimism: Successful leaders are naturally optimistic. They know that they cannot control every eventuality but they can control how they respond. They focus on solutions, not problems.
7. Resilient: The most successful leaders are extremely resilient and when things do not work out as they hoped, they bounce back.
8. Excellence: Excellence in what they do is one of the defining qualities of successful leaders. They look for better, smarter ways of doing things. They are continual learners.
On the base of information above, I came up with conclusion that at least fore of those qualities strongly applies to President Putin. First of all Responsibility and Decision taking: being a President - is there might be more responsibilities? He is the person who has to accept the ultimate responsibility and take the hardest decisions.
Then Integrity: his popularity among most Russians shows a lot. Overall, three in four Russians (75%) expressed confidence in Putin to do the right thing in world affairs, according to a Pew Global Attitudes Survey conducted in April of 2006.10
Finally, dealing with facts is one of the skills that he proves every day. There is always something going on, especially with unstable situation in Chechnya. The other fore qualities also represents in his leadership style, but I think the first fore is practicing much more.
During my readings study I learned about 3 types of power: affliliative, personal and institutional.3 On a base of my research I would evaluate the power type of President Putin as Positional with showing up of Personal form as well. Putin seeks influence for himself and for people on his team, in other to get the job done. His team members very loyal to him because he is a strong leader and make them fill strong as well. The positional type displays in such characteristics as: highly organization-minded; strong work ethic.
Putinâ€™s presidency is a classic case where individual leadership can stamp itâ€™s preferences on a period. I this context the notion of charisma have particular relevance, although different types of charismatic leadership can be identified. Putinâ€™s charisma was distinctive but clearly of the mass type (the leader is able to generate broad popular sentiments). He is a strong leader with vision of the countryâ€™s future that made him â€œthe president of hopeâ€. Bright example that show President Putin as a charismatic leader had place in Guatemala City when one member of International Olympic Committee Jean-Claude Killy comments the fact that Sochi won elections as a city for Olympic Winter Games in 2014. To hear Killy tell the story, it was Putin's personal charisma that made the difference. He spoke both English and French, which he never does in public.8 And he used his charm, what Killy calls his charisma.
Putin is credited with bringing stability after the rollercoaster ride of the post-Soviet years which saw state industries sold off cheaply, soaring inflation and millions dumped into poverty amid economic mismanagement and chronic corruption. And while Russia has continued to embrace market capitalism, Putin has displayed sensitivity towards the Soviet past, still remembered fondly by many, restoring the stirring Soviet anthem (with revised words) and the iconic Communist star as the Russian army's symbol.
He strives to coordinate his work with the work of the members of the group he heads, to determine tasks, to put forward and support ideas and undertakings, to bring a matter to an end in spite of the difficulties. He is oriented at collective efforts. He tries to understand another person not through his individual characteristics, but in full: without differentiation between business and non-business qualities.
Putinâ€™s repudiation of revolutionary methods made him one of Russianâ€™s most profound revolutionaries, wreaking a greater transformation of Russiaâ€™s culture of politics than many a more obviously revolutionary predecessor. Putin presents type of pragmatic, even technocratic leadership. He is an intuitive leader, with ability to raise authority trough charismatically leadership. Putinâ€™s first period in power was marked by flurry of activity, with attacks launched on a number of fronts simultaneously â€“ against the regional barons, the oligarchs and the media.
I think Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin meets most of the qualities to be successful leader. He represents the type who:
â€¢Can take reasonable and useful steps.
â€¢Values friendship. He does not impose his opinion on any one, but in the end everything usually turns out the way he wanted.
â€¢Has a reputation of an accurate person.
â€¢Pursues any case flexibly and persistently to the end;
â€¢Has a conservative orientation of a manager (â€œleader-paternalistâ€ who feels a deep inner responsibility for whatâ€™s going on, who strives for harmonization of relations).
â€¢Is stress-proof, in dangerous situations he behaves pronouncedly in cold blood.
Understanding Putin requires exploring three core aspects of his political and personal character. These roughly correspond to Putin's instincts, his professional training and methods, and his religious and patriotic convictions. Putin is best understood not as a divided character but as an integrated if complicated one: the Russian in the Kremlin.
During my analysis, I founded a lot of useful information for developing myself as a successful leader.
2. Putin, Vladimir. (2000). First Person: An Astonishingly Frank Self-Portrait of Russia's President, Vladimir Putin, tr. Catherine A. Fitzpatrick. New York: Public Affairs.
3. â€œThe Necessity of Power: You Canâ€™t Manage Without Itâ€ Excerpted from Power, Influence, and Persuasion: Sell Your Ideas and Make Things Happen. By Richard Luecke, Harvard Business Essentials
6. â€œTalks with Vladimir Putin. Comments by himselfâ€ (Moscow, 2000)